Here is another interesting passage from Rudolph’s Gnosis that demonstrates that female ritual leadership was present in gnosticism, but not Christianity.
“The percentage of women was evidently very high and reveals that Gnosis held out prospects otherwise barred to them, especially in the official church. They frequently occupied leading positions either as teachers, prophetesses, missionaries or played a leading role in cultic ceremonies (baptism, [E]ucharist) and magical practices (exorcism)” (211).
This revelation reminds us of an interesting observation: often when a modernist is referring to the “early church” to justify his or heresy, he or she is
- Talking about a gnostic sect.
- Just plain lying.